د. أبراهيم .... بالمناسبه شلون صرت هسه ؟؟ أن شاء الله أحسن...... يا أخي مو الواحد ينقهر لما يشوف شغله بسيطه ممكن تكلف أنسان حياته . المقطع أدناه باللغه الأنكليزيه أقتطعته من مقال مهم عن الجمره الخبيثه لأنه يتعلق بطرق الأصابه بهذا المرض. لاحظوا في الجزء الأول .... الأصابه عن طريق الجلد و هي تمثل 95% من حالات الأصابه على مستوى العالم ككل.
There are 3 main ways people can become infected
Through the skin (cutaneous). More than 95% of anthrax cases worldwide are caused by cutaneous infection. Infection typically occurs through people such as farmers, veterinarians, knackers and butchers, handling infected animals or animal products. The spores enter through cuts or abrasions in the skin. After 2-3 days a small pimple appears at the site of infection which steadily grows over the next few days into an ulcer with a central region of black, dead tissue (called an eschar). The ulcer is not painful unless there is a secondary infection, and there is a build up of fluid in the tissues around it (i.e. an edema). In most cases the disease remains limited to the initial site of infection and eventually disappears because of the immune defenses fighting back. However, about 20 percent of untreated cases end up in death, caused by the bacterium and its toxins getting into the blood stream (i.e. septicemia).
Through the gut (intestinal). People can become
infected with the anthrax bacillus via the gut through eating under-cooked meat from infected animals. Infection occurs by the bacterium entering the lining of the intestine through a pre-existing wound and results in inflammation of the intestine. The bacterium then spreads from the lining of the intestine to the lymphatic system. A person infected through this intestinal route experiences feelings of nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting and fever followed by abdominal pain, vomiting of blood, and severe diarrhea. Death occurs in 25% to 65% of cases of intestinal infection.
Through the lungs (pulmonary). Infection occurs here through breathing in of spores. Conventionally, people handling animal products such as hides and wool, are susceptible to this form of infection because they are likely to breath in spore-laden dust. It is for this reason that pulmonary anthrax is commonly called wool-sorter's disease (with the current bioterrorism attacks through the mail, mailsorter's disease might be a more appropriate term).
تحياتي للجميع و تمنياتي لهم بالصحه و السلامه